Sen. Stoops has introduced SB 400 concerning “ranked voting.” It’s a long piece of legislation, and the election code — Title 3 – is somewhat bewildering, so, full disclosure: I haven’t read it all. But, very generally, it allows cities, towns, and counties to provide for ranked voting in filling their offices.
The way ranked voting would work is that voters could rank some or all of the candidates, first choice, second choice, third choice, etc. The first time through, you give all the candidates their first choice votes. If a candidate gets a majority of the votes, that candidate wins and the counting stops. If no candidate gets a majority, you go to step 2. You eliminate the candidate with the fewest votes and then, for the ballots that selected that candidate as the first choice, you go to the second choice on those ballots and assign them to the remaining candidates. If no candidate has a majority at that point, you rinse and repeat until you get a majority.