SB 1, introduced by Sen. Messmer, provides civil immunity to people, businesses, and organizations who negligently expose others to COVID-19. This means that, if a person or individual doesn’t take ordinary and reasonable care to prevent the spread of COVID and causes injuries and death to someone else, the person they’ve harmed can’t recover money from the person who caused the harm. The legislation doesn’t immunize gross recklessness or willful or wanton conduct. So, you probably won’t be liable if you infect someone while refusing to do something reasonable like wearing a mask, but if you go up and lick them or intentionally sneeze in their face, you might have some exposure – so to speak.
To be candid, I don’t know what the line is under current law between going out into public with a cold or the flu or breeding plague ridden fleas. But I have misgivings about this legislation because it encourages people to externalize the risks of their activity onto innocent bystanders.